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THE SIGNIFICANCE OF HALAL

THE MEANING OF HALAL
By Hossam Ed Deen Allam

 The Meaning of Halal
At the outset, it is vital to stress the fact that Islam is a ‘deen’, meaning, it is a way of life with protocols, rules and manners guiding and regulating every aspect of life. Since obedience to Allah, the One and Only Creator of all that exists, and attaining the pleasure of Allah, the Most Merciful, constitute the prime aim of every Muslim, it is vital to lead a life that is in line with what Allah the Almighty has made ‘Halal’ or pure and permissible.
‘Halal’ is an Arabic term that signifies being lawful or permitted. The antonym of halal is haram, which means unlawful or prohibited. Noteworthily, Halal and Haram describe the act that the accountable Muslim carries out. Thus, performing a certain act can be halal or haram.  
In principle, the original ruling regarding doing something is PERMISSIBILITY.


"ู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽ ู„ูŽูƒูู… ู…ู‘ูŽุง ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ุฌูŽู…ููŠุนู‹ุง"
"He is the One Who created everything in the earth for you.” โ€จal-Baqarah (The Cow) 2:29

The Importance of Seeking Halal

Muslims are urged to seek knowledge in terms of the Islamic rulings regarding all spheres of activity —acts of worship, social interaction, among other things— with the intention of conducting their duties on the basis of accurate knowledge as well as in light of extensive assurance. In this context, the Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings Be Upon Him) is reported to have said:

ุนู† ู…ุนุงูˆูŠุฉ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„‏:‏ ู‚ุงู„ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…:‏ ‏ "‏ู…ู† ูŠุฑุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจู‡ ุฎูŠุฑู‹ุง ูŠูู‚ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุฏูŠู†‏"‏ ‏(‏‏(‏ู…ุชูู‚ ุนู„ูŠู‡‏)‏‏)
Mu'awiyah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

In the same connection, the Noble Quran clearly declares:

(ูˆูŽู„ุง ุชูŽู‚ููˆู„ููˆุง ู„ูู…ูŽุง ุชูŽุตููู ุฃูŽู„ู’ุณูู†ูŽุชููƒูู…ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุฐูุจูŽ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุญูŽู„ุงู„ูŒ ูˆูŽู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุญูŽุฑูŽุงู…ูŒ ู„ูุชูŽูู’ุชูŽุฑููˆุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุฐูุจูŽ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูŠูŽูู’ุชูŽุฑููˆู†ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุฐูุจูŽ ู„ุง ูŠููู’ู„ูุญููˆู†ูŽ)

(ุงู„ู†ุญู„: 116)

 

 

Tea with Dates
Stained Glass Lanterns

The Significance of Halal

  Do not falsely declare with your tongues, “This is lawful, and that is unlawful,” หนonlyหบ fabricating lies against Allah. Indeed, those who fabricate lies against Allah will never succeed. an-Nahl (The Bee) 16:116
Accordingly, he/she must learn all about the duties he/she is required to undertake, such as purification, the manner of performing the prayer (salaat ) and the lawful and unlawful foods and drinks in Islam. He/She is also encouraged to learn about the acts that are recommended but not obligatory.


"ูŠูŽุณู’ุฃูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽูƒูŽ ู…ูŽุงุฐูŽุง ุฃูุญูู„ู‘ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู‚ูู„ู’ ุฃูุญูู„ู‘ูŽ ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู ุงู„ุทู‘ูŽูŠู‘ูุจูŽุงุชู"
“They ask you, หนO Prophet,หบ what is permissible for them หนto eatหบ. Say, “What is good and lawful.” al-Ma`idah (The Table, The Table Spread) 5:4

(ู‚ูู„ู’ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽูˆู’ุง ุฃูŽุชู’ู„ู ู…ูŽุง ุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู’ ุฃูŽู„ุงู‘ ุชูุดู’ุฑููƒููˆุง ุจูู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ูˆูŽุจูุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุงู„ูุฏูŽูŠู’ู†ู ุฅูุญู’ุณูŽุงู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽู„ุง ุชูŽู‚ู’ุชูู„ููˆุง ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ุงุฏูŽูƒูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฅูู…ู’ู„ุงู‚ู ู†ูŽุญู’ู†ู ู†ูŽุฑู’ุฒูู‚ููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฅููŠู‘ูŽุงู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ุง ุชูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุจููˆุง ุงู„ู’ููŽูˆูŽุงุญูุดูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุธูŽู‡ูŽุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุจูŽุทูŽู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ุง ุชูŽู‚ู’ุชูู„ููˆุง ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽูู’ุณูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุชููŠ ุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฅูู„ุง ุจูุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ูู‘ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุตู‘ูŽุงูƒูู…ู’ ุจูู‡ู ู„ูŽุนูŽู„ู‘ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุชูŽุนู’ู‚ูู„ููˆู†ูŽ) (ุงู„ุฃู†ุนุงู…: 151).
“Say, หนO Prophet,หบ “Come! Let me recite to you what your Lord has forbidden to you: do not associate others with Him หนin worshipหบ. หนDo not fail toหบ honour your parents. Do not kill your children for fear of poverty. We provide for you and for them. Do not come near indecencies, openly or secretly. Do not take a หนhumanหบ life—made sacred by Allah—except with หนlegalหบ right. This is what He has commanded you, so perhaps you will understand.” al-An`am (Cattle, Livestock) 6:151

From an Islamic jurisprudential perspective, it is safe to state that everything that is useful, good and pure is permissible, and everything that is evil, harmful and malicious is forbidden. This understanding is based on the following two Noble Quranic verses:


ู‚ุงู„ ุชุนุงู„ู‰: (ู‚ูู„ู’ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุฒููŠู†ูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู‘ูŽุชููŠ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุฑูŽุฌูŽ ู„ูุนูุจูŽุงุฏูู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุทู‘ูŽูŠูู‘ุจูŽุงุชู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฑูู‘ุฒู’ู‚ู ู‚ูู„ู’ ู‡ููŠูŽ ู„ูู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุขู…ูŽู†ููˆุง ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽูŠูŽุงุฉู ุงู„ุฏู‘ูู†ู’ูŠูŽุง ุฎูŽุงู„ูุตูŽุฉู‹ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู ูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู†ูููŽุตูู‘ู„ู ุงู„ุขูŠูŽุงุชู ู„ูู‚ูŽูˆู’ู…ู ูŠูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆู†ูŽ * ู‚ูู„ู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุฑูŽุจูู‘ูŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ููŽูˆูŽุงุญูุดูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุธูŽู‡ูŽุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุจูŽุทูŽู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ุฅุซู’ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุจูŽุบู’ูŠูŽ ุจูุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ูู‘ ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูุดู’ุฑููƒููˆุง ุจูุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูู†ูŽุฒูู‘ู„ู’ ุจูู‡ู ุณูู„ู’ุทูŽุงู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽู‚ููˆู„ููˆุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ู„ุง ุชูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆู†ูŽ) (ุงู„ุฃุนุฑุงู: 32-33).
Ask, หนO Prophet,หบ “Who has forbidden the adornments and lawful provisions Allah has brought forth for His servants?” Say, “They are for the enjoyment of the believers in this worldly life, but they will be exclusively theirs on the Day of Judgment. This is how We make Our revelations clear for people of knowledge.” Say, “My Lord has only forbidden open and secret indecencies, sinfulness, unjust aggression, associating หนothersหบ with Allah หนin worshipหบ—a practice He has never authorized—and attributing to Allah what you do not know.”
 al-A`raf (The Heights, The Elevated Places) 7:32

Stay tuned for the upcoming article!

 

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